Luc-Alain Giraldeau, Faculty of Science, Université du Québec à Montréal, succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec H3C 3P8, Canada
Philipp Heeb, Université Paul Sabatier, Laboratoire Evolution et Diversité Biologique (EDB), UMR 5174 CNRS-UPS, Toulouse Cedex 4, France
Alex Kacelnik, Behavioural Ecology, Department of Zoology, Oxford University; Oxford OX1 3PS, U.K.
Michael Kosfeld, Organization and Management, Goethe University Frankfurt, Grüneburgplatz 1, 60323 Frankfurt, Germany
Julia Lupp, Ernst Strüngmann Forum, Ruth-Moufang-Str.1, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany
Frédéric Thomas, MIVEGEC - Centre IRD de Montpellier, 911 Avenue Agropolis, BP 64501, 34394 Montpellier cedex 5, France
When goal-driven agents, such as humans, other organisms, or institutions, seek resources (including services or information) in the presence of others, they can invest effort directly to obtain the resource or indirectly, by exploiting others’ producing activity. Such situations of “social parasitism” create social dilemmas where some individuals pay production costs whilst others can obtain some benefits through some form of free-riding. In foraging ecology such strategies have been studied, for example, using the game-theoretical model known as “producers and scroungers,” but many other models that concern social and economic interactions also address these problems.
Examples of real-life systems where the problem is prevalent include:
We aim to promote integration between studies in these different contexts, extracting lessons that could inform action where human interests are involved (e.g., in conservation, public health, market stability, etc.). This Forum will discuss case studies, compare alternative modeling approaches and explore the potential for regulation environments.Top of page